Off Soundings - Commercial Vessel Safety Updated: 17 November, 2018

"While no vessel can ever be regarded as unsinkable, it should be capable of absorbing a number of errors and misfortunes before there is a danger of sinking."

Statement by the Royal Institution of Naval Architects following the Estonia disaster, quoted in:

"Machinery failure" (BRIEFING)
Seatrade Review, December 1994, page 7.
Published by The Seatrade Organization Ltd. Seatrade House, 42 North Station Road, Colchester CO1 1RB, UK
.

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PASSENGER VESSELS
OUT-OF-THE-WATER SURVIVAL CRAFT


Report on Small Passenger Vessel Safety
Report to Congress 2005 by U.S. Coast Guard,
March 2005 (P.L. 108-293 Sec. 624)

Passenger Safety on Vessels Under 100Gross Tons
Review of Injuries and Fatalities, Calendar Years 1992-2003 Report by the U.S. Coast Guard, August 2004

UPV FINAL RULE May 15, 2002 (.pdf file)

Cold Water Q & A / 1998

T-Boat Study / U.S.C.G. / R. L. Markle / 1991
A study of lifesaving systems for Small Passenger Vessels

Exposure Suits on Certain Inspected Vessels
Discussion of Cold Water Report to Congress by U.S.C.G. (mid-1980s)

Survival in Cold Waters
Report prepared for Transport Canada, Dr. C. J. Brooks / 2001

Titanic Revisited /1998 / rch

When the bow breaks Lifeboats may not have room for everyone, USA Today 1999 G. Stoller

Passengers outnumber lifeboats and rafts
USA Today 1999 [Sidebar] G. Stoller

Survival Craft should provide out-of-the-water protection for all persons / rch 2007

Observations on LIFE-FLOATS by ERE, 1943

 


PASSENGER VESSEL CASUALTIES

YARMOUTH CASTLE (1965)

MV COMET (1973)

MARY JANE (1986)

FISH-N-FOOL (1987)

EL TORO (1993)

MISS MAJESTIC - DUKW (1999)

LADY D - BALTIMORE HARBOR 2004

(NTSB 2004) (USCG 2009)

Capsizing of New York State-Certificated Vessel
Ethan Allen, Lake George, New York
October 2, 2005 (NTSB Report)

S/V NAHOKU II Dismasting and Fatality (USCG 2006)

S/V KIELE V Dismasting and Personnel Casualty (USCG 2007)

QUEEN OF THE WEST (NTSB) DEC. 2009


TOWING VESSELS
TOWING VESSEL INSPECTION

P.L. 108-293 Coast Guard & Maritime Transportation Act of 2004 (See Sec. 415 on page 21)

Conference Report: Coast Guard & Maritime Transportation Act of 2004 (See Sec. 415 on page 84)

Text Sec. 415; text Conference Report on Sec. 415

Mallard Bay Decision by SJC

Uninspected Towing Vessels
An Analysis of the Historical and Contemporary Issue of Their Regulation
Prepared By: Thomas A. Allegretti *, Assistant to the Director, Department of Inland Water Activities, Transportation Institute, Washington, D.C. 1980
* Now President & CEO of the American Waterways Operators (AWO)


TOWING VESSEL CASUALTIES

INVESTIGATION INTO THE CIRCUMSTANCES
SURROUNDING THE COLLISION BETWEEN THE
M/V BALSA 37 THE TUG SEAFARER AND T/B OCEAN 255, AND THE TUG
CAPT. FRED BOUCHARD AND T/B NO. 155. AUGUST 10, 1993, WITH NO LOSS OF LIFE

FRANK PALLADINO (1994)

NORTH CAPE / SANDIA (1996)

ALLISION BETWEEN THE BARGE TOW OF THE M/V BROWN WATER VAND THE QUEEN ISABELLA CAUSEWAY BRIDGE. SEPT 15, 2001, PORT ISABEL, TEXAS.
With multiple loss of life.

INVESTIGATION INTO THE CIRCUMSTANCES SURROUNDING THE SINKING OF THE TUB VALOUR 40 MILES OFF THE COAST OF WILMINGTON, NORTH CAROLINA. JANUARY 18, 2006 WITH MULTIPLE LOSS OF LIFE

 

 

MARINE SAFETY - HISTORY

STEAMBOAT INSPECTION SERVICE, 1922 History

"History of United States Navigation and Vessel Inspection Laws"
by Captain H. C. Shepheard, U.S.C.G.R.
Historical Transaction 1893-1943,
The Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers, 1945, pp 517 - 524

Report of the Commerce Department, 1938
with report of the Bureau of Marine Inspection and Navigation (BMIN)

"Regulation"
by William A. Cleary, Jr.
A Half Century of Marine Technology 1943-1993,
The Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers, 1993, pp 21-25

Vice Admiral Card Report
Marine Safety Analysis: An Independent Assessment and Suggestions for Improvement

Marine Safety Performance Plan, May 2008

Review and Update of Standards for Marine Equipment; Final Rule (Oct. 31, 2008)


COMMERCIAL VESSEL CASUALTIES

Sinking of US Cargo Vessel SS El Faro
Atlantic Ocean, Northeast of Acklins and Crooked Island, Bahamas October 1, 2015 (NTSB Report), (USCG Report)

"Into the Raging Sea" by Rachel Slade is a great book on the sinking of the El Faro.