Off Soundings - Commercial Vessel Safety Updated: 10 November, 2017

"While no vessel can ever be regarded as unsinkable, it should be capable of absorbing a number of errors and misfortunes before there is a danger of sinking."

Statement by the Royal Institution of Naval Architects following the Estonia disaster, quoted in:

"Machinery failure" (BRIEFING)
Seatrade Review, December 1994, page 7.
Published by The Seatrade Organization Ltd. Seatrade House, 42 North Station Road, Colchester CO1 1RB, UK
.

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PASSENGER VESSELS
OUT-OF-THE-WATER SURVIVAL CRAFT


Report on Small Passenger Vessel Safety
Report to Congress 2005 by U.S. Coast Guard,
March 2005 (P.L. 108-293 Sec. 624)

Passenger Safety on Vessels Under 100Gross Tons
Review of Injuries and Fatalities, Calendar Years 1992-2003 Report by the U.S. Coast Guard, August 2004

Uninspected Passenger Vessels (UPV) NPRM

Thoughts on Survival Craft on Uninspected Passenger Vessel, Letter to USCG / 2000 / rch

UPV FINAL RULE May 15, 2002 (Text document)

UPV FINAL RULE May 15, 2002 (.pdf file)

Cold Water Q & A / 1998

T-Boat Study / U.S.C.G. / R. L. Markle / 1991
A study of lifesaving systems for Small Passenger Vessels

Exposure Suits on Certain Inspected Vessels
Discussion of Cold Water Report to Congress by U.S.C.G. (mid-1980s)

Survival in Cold Waters
Report prepared for Transport Canada, Dr. C. J. Brooks / 2001

Titanic Revisited /1998 / rch

When the bow breaks Lifeboats may not have room for everyone, USA Today 1999 G. Stoller

Passengers outnumber lifeboats and rafts
USA Today 1999 [Sidebar] G. Stoller

Survival Craft should provide out-of-the-water protection for all persons / rch 2007

Observations on LIFE-FLOATS by ERE, 1943

Six-Pack Check List
Check list of requirements for UPVs

Passenger Weight and Inspected Vessel Stability Requirements (NPRM)

Extension of comment period (Dec. 8, 2008) &
Pontoon Vessel Passenger Crowding Stability Criteria Study

 


PASSENGER VESSEL CASUALTIES

GENERAL SLOCUM
Report of Presidential Commission

YARMOUTH CASTLE (1965)

MV COMET (1973)

MARY JANE (1986)

FISH-N-FOOL (1987)

EL TORO (1993)

MISS MAJESTIC - DUKW (1999)

LADY D - BALTIMORE HARBOR 2004

(NTSB 2004) (USCG 2009)

Capsizing of New York State-Certificated Vessel
Ethan Allen, Lake George, New York
October 2, 2005 (NTSB Report)

S/V NAHOKU II Dismasting and Fatality (USCG 2006)

S/V KIELE V Dismasting and Personnel Casualty (USCG 2007)

QUEEN OF THE WEST (NTSB) DEC. 2009


TOWING VESSELS
TOWING VESSEL INSPECTION

P.L. 108-293 Coast Guard & Maritime Transportation Act of 2004 (See Sec. 415 on page 21)

Conference Report: Coast Guard & Maritime Transportation Act of 2004 (See Sec. 415 on page 84)

Text Sec. 415; text Conference Report on Sec. 415

Inspection of Towing Vessels Request for Comments
(Read responses to questions on inspection)

Training and Service Requirements for Merchant Marine Officers
Abstract: This project would make the following changes to merchant mariner training and service requirements: 1. Radar Endorsement: Remove the requirement for placing the date of the radar-observer endorsement on a merchant mariner's license. 2. Training Program: Allow an apprentice mate of towing vessels to reduce sea-service time required to qualify for mate (pilot) of towing vessels by successfully completing a Coast Guard approved training program. 3. Alternate Progression: Provide an alternate path to qualify as mate (pilot) of towing vessel for master of steam and motor vessels of not more than 200 gross register tons (GRT). Final Rule (09/11/2008)

Mallard Bay Decision by SJC

Uninspected Towing Vessels
An Analysis of the Historical and Contemporary Issue of Their Regulation
Prepared By: Thomas A. Allegretti *, Assistant to the Director, Department of Inland Water Activities, Transportation Institute, Washington, D.C. 1980
* Now President & CEO of the American Waterways Operators (AWO)

HEADING FOR DISASTER?
Tugboats move thousand of tons of oil and hazardous materials through the Cape Cod Canal each year. Article, Cape Cod Times, by Kevin Dennehy, 2 January 2000.


TOWING VESSEL CASUALTIES

INVESTIGATION INTO THE CIRCUMSTANCES
SURROUNDING THE COLLISION BETWEEN THE
M/V BALSA 37 THE TUG SEAFARER AND T/B OCEAN 255, AND THE TUG
CAPT. FRED BOUCHARD AND T/B NO. 155. AUGUST 10, 1993, WITH NO LOSS OF LIFE

DERAILMENT OF AMTRAK TRAIN NO. 2
ON THE CSXT BIG BAYOU CANOT BRIDGE
NEAR MOBILE, ALABAMA.
SEPTEMBER 22, 1993

FRANK PALLADINO (1994)

NORTH CAPE / SANDIA (1996)

ALLISION BETWEEN THE BARGE TOW OF THE M/V BROWN WATER VAND THE QUEEN ISABELLA CAUSEWAY BRIDGE. SEPT 15, 2001, PORT ISABEL, TEXAS.
With multiple loss of life.

INVESTIGATION INTO THE CIRCUMSTANCES SURROUNDING THE SINKING OF THE TUB VALOUR 40 MILES OFF THE COAST OF WILMINGTON, NORTH CAROLINA. JANUARY 18, 2006 WITH MULTIPLE LOSS OF LIFE

 

 

MARINE SAFETY - HISTORY

STEAMBOAT INSPECTION SERVICE, 1922 History
Chapter I | Chapter II | Chapter III | Appendix

"History of United States Navigation and Vessel Inspection Laws"
by Captain H. C. Shepheard, U.S.C.G.R.
Historical Transaction 1893-1943,
The Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers, 1945, pp 517 - 524

Report of the Commerce Department, 1938
with report of the Bureau of Marine Inspection and Navigation (BMIN)

"Regulation"
by William A. Cleary, Jr.
A Half Century of Marine Technology 1943-1993,
The Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers, 1993, pp 21-25

Vice Admiral Card Report
Marine Safety Analysis: An Independent Assessment and Suggestions for Improvement

Marine Safety Performance Plan, May 2008

Review and Update of Standards for Marine Equipment; Final Rule (Oct. 31, 2008)


COMMERCIAL VESSEL CASUALTIES

Allision of Bahamas-Registered Tankship
M/V KITION with Interstate Highway 10 Bridge Pier,
Baton Rouge, Louisiana, February 10, 2007
(NTSB Report)

COSCO BUSAN allision with San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge, November 7, 2007.
Coast Guard Report (March, 2009)

Allision of Hong Kong‐Registered Containership M/V Cosco Busan with the Delta Tower of the San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge
San Francisco, California
November 7, 2007 (NTSB Report)

Allision of Bahamas‐Registered Tankship
M/T Axel Spirit with Ambrose Light
Entrance to New York Harbor
November 3, 2007 (NTSB Report)