Off Soundings - Marine Safety Updated: 28 April, 2017

"The accident rarely has a single overwhelming cause. Usually there are a number of elements, none necessarily of outstanding significance in isolation, whose combination proves fatal."

From "Machinery failure" (BRIEFING)
Seatrade Review, December 1994, page 9.
Published by The Seatrade Organization Ltd. Seatrade House, 42 North Station Road, Colchester CO1 1RB, UK.

Home | Marine Safety | Fishing Safety | Commercial Vessel Safety | Coast Guard Historical Statutes

NEW BLOG: U.S. Maritime Safety Network by my good friend and colleague John Cullather.


NEW AND RECOMMENDED! Information brochure "Documentation and Tonnage of Smaller Commercial Vessels". An excellent information piece.


NOW AVAILABLE! Congressional Report on the 1983 bill (S. 46) that revised and codified a major portion of Title 46, U.S. Code, Shipping, is being posted at Bryant's Maritime Consulting. Due to its size, this report comes in two parts. Part I, consisting of pages 1-100, is available at: H. Rep. 98-338a. Part II, consisting of pages 101-231, is available at: H. Rep. 98-338b. Much of the detailed discussion of individual sections of the legislation starts on page 113 (located in Part II).

If you are a student of Marine Safety, or an inspector or investigator, you should have - AND READ - this document.


New Coast Guard Authorization Acts

(P.L. 114-120) "Coast Guard Authorization Act of 2015"

(P.L. 112-213) "Coast Guard and Maritime Transportation Act of 2012"

P.L. 111-281, “Coast Guard Authorization Act of 2010”

For those with a special interested in marine safety see Title V-B and Title VI


U.S. COAST GUARD

USCG: Regional News

USCG: Homeport

USCG: Historian

USCG: Safet Alerts

USCG: Casualty Reports

USCG: QAT Report on Casualty Investigation, 1995

USCG: G-MOA Policy Letter 2-98

USCG: Boating Safety

USCG: Boating Safety Statistics

USCG: Marine Safety Center

USCG: National Maritime Center

USCG: Navigation and Inspection Circulars

USCG: Lifesaving & Fire Safety Division

USCG: On Scene magazine on Search & Rescue

USCG: Proceedings of the Marine Safety & Security Council - The Coast Guard Journal of Safety & Security at Sea

Procedures for Transportation Workplace Drug and Alcohol Testing Program, October 22, 2008

Resolution "Honoring the Heritage of the Coast Gurad" (H.Res 1382 - 2008) in the U.S. House of Representatives, September 29, 2008, AND the report detailing the resolution.

Link to Code of Federal Regulations (CFRs)



DOCUMENTED VESSELS

BY NAME

BY NUMBER

PORT STATE INFORMATION EXCHANGE

PSIX - Home

PSIX - Vessel Search

PSIX - Incident Investigation Reports

For reports for investigations of reportable marine casualties investigated by the U.S. Coast Guard


NAVIGATION

Rules of the Road

Online Chart Reader

NOAA World View of charts


COAST GUARD ROLES & MISSIONS

Whither Goes the Coast Guard, 1990, rch

Roles & Missions, 1999, rch

Small Boat Stations & Surf Capable Boats, 2000, rch


HYPOTHERMIA / COLD WATER SURVIVAL

HYPOTHERMIA—ARE WE FOCUSED ON THE WRONG THING?
U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary Bulletin May 2004

Development of Exposure Suits by ERE 1943, 1980, rch

Emergency Care for Hypothermia, rch

Exposure Suits on Certain Inspected Vessels
Report to Congress by U.S.C.G. (mid-1980s)

T-Boat Study / U.S.C.G. / R. L. Markle / 1991
A Study of Lifesaving Systems for Small Passenger Vessels

ALASKA PROTOCOL / GUIDELINES

Cold Injury Clinical Consensus Meeting / 1998

COLD WATER Q & A / 1998

Survival in Cold Waters / 2001
Report prepared for Transport Canada
Dr. C. J. Brooks

SEA GRANT / SURVIVAL IN COLD WATER


COAST GUARD HERITAGE
LIFEBOAT STATIONS / LIFEBOATS


U.S. Life-Saving Heritage Association


Association For Rescue At Sea



Small Boat Station and Surf /rch

CG 42001 New Rescue Boat at CG Station. Chatham

CHATHAM, Mass. - (Left to right) A Coast Guard 42-foot motor lifeboat, 36-foot motor lifeboat and 44-foot motor lifeboat gather in front of Coast Guard Station Chatham Friday, Oct. 3, 2008, for what may be the last opportunity for the three lifeboats to ever be underway together again. The 36-foot lifeboat, which is now owned by the Orleans Historical Society of Orleans, Mass., is scheduled for dry dock, and the maintenance may not be completed before the 44-foot lifeboat is decommissioned. The most notable rescue by the 36 was in 1952 when the boat crew rescued 32 men from the tanker Pendleton after it broke in half in 60-foot seas. (Coast Guard photo/Petty Officer 2nd Class Lauren Jorgensen)



and Pendleton rescue, 18 March 1952
Pendleton Marine Board Report

There two excellent books on the S.S. PENDELTON rescue Two Tankers Down by Robert Frump (which also details the S.S. FORT MERCER rescue as well). Review from Professional Mariner.

And, The Pendleton Disaster off Cape Cod: The Greatest Small Boat Rescue in Coast Guard History by Theresa Mitchell Barbo; John Galluzzo; and Captain W. Russell Webster, USCG (RET)


 

 

LINKS to other ORGANIZATIONS


NTSB - Marine Accident Reports

MAIB
(Marine Accident Investigation Branch)


U.S. Marine Safety Association
Good source for information on emergency
rescue equipment and service facilities for survival craft


North Pacific Fishing Vessel Owners Association

Master of Towing Vessels Association


"The site for maritime professionals."

COLUMBIA RIVER MARITIME MUSEUM
See web cam of Astoria

AFRAS Logo

Association for Rescue at Sea

 


OTHER USEFUL LINKS

Federal Register / Today's TOC
Look for daily posting of Meeting notices / proposed / final regulations

U.S. CODE all titles

MARINE SAFETY STATUTES 46 U.S.C. Subtitle II pdf / text

Code of Federal Regulations

46 CFR SHIPPING


RECEIVING ARTICLES OF INTEREST

If you have an interest in receiving periodic
— sometimes daily — emails on any of the marine safety topics below:

CFVS: Commercial Fishing Vessel Safety
USCG: U.S. Coast Guard
OIL: Oil Spills, Offshore Oil Exploration
FISH MGT: Fishery Management
CVS: Commercial Vessel Safety
RVS: Recreational Vessel Safety

Send email to: Richard@Offsoundings.com
Indicating the list(s) of interest to you.


RESCUE SWIMMERS / IMMERSION SUITS

In the wake of the S.S. MARINE ELECTRIC disaster on February 12, 1983, the Subcommittee on Coast Guard and Navigation (Committee on Merchant Marine & Fisheries) held a series of hearing on marine safety.
Read excerpt from testimony on September 29, 1983 focusing on rescue swimmers.

Excerpt from the book about the Rescue Swimmer Program, So Others Might Live giving a brief sketch of the origins of the program. (You can learn more about the behind the scenes efforts by reading this article.)

Review of So Others Might Live in Wreck and Rescue, the Journal of the U.S. Life-Saving Heritage Association.

Sec. 9 of Public Law 98-557 (98 Stat. 2862, Oct. 30, 1984) A bill to authorize appropriations for the Coast Guard for fiscal years 1985 and 1986, and for other purposes. "Directs the Secretary to establish a helicopter rescue swimming program to train Coast Guard personnel.", See also Senate Report.

Sec. 9, required Secretary of department in which Coast Guard was operating to use such sums as necessary, from amounts appropriated for operation and maintenance of Coast Guard, to establish helicopter rescue swimming program for purpose of training selected Coast Guard personnel in rescue swimming skills, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 104-324, title II, Sec. 213(b), Oct. 19, 1996, 110 Stat. 3915.

Also, as a direct result of the MARINE ELECTRIC disaster, Congress required in Sec. 22 of Public Law 98-557 immersion suits on most commercial vessels (except uninspected vessels. e.g. fishing vessels and towing vessels). See also Senate Report.

The definitive work on the S.S. MARINE ELECTRIC disaster is Until the Sea Shall Free Them, by Robert Frump.

Robert R. Frump the nationally recognized journalist who won several major awards while a journalist and investigative reporter at The Philadelphia Inquirer. He grew up in the small farm town of Paxton, Ill, graduated from the University of Illinois and received a master's degree from Northwestern University -- all in journalism. He received, with Tim Dwyer, the George Polk Award, for his reporting on unsafe U.S. ships, and the Gerald Loeb Award for National Business Reporting. He was also a member of an Inquirer task force that won the Pulitzer Prize. He is married to Suzanne Saxton-Frump. They have two daughters, Sarah, a student at Brown University, and Caitlin Dean, a software engineer. He is the former managing editor of The Journal of Commerce.

Robert (a good friend and colleague) has just released "I Cover the Waterfront, the articles of Maritime Writer Robert R. Frump, 1980 -2010"

It's a book-length electronic-publication with stories ranging from tug boats on the river, to rescues, to shipyards, to port marketing, oil tanker crossings, aircraft carriers and of course the Marine Electric.

You don't have to own a Kindle to access the book. Just download the Kindle software to your computer or smartphone.


NAVY Memorial, Washington, DC


WHAT IT'S ALL ABOUT!

"When you know you have saved somebody’s life, the only word to describe it is: euphoria. This is what we join the Coast Guard to do — there are many other missions we have — but this what we join the Coast Guard to do, save other lives. There is absolutely no better feeling than when somebody says, "Thanks, you saved my life."

LCDR Laura Guth, USCG,
Speaking about the rescue of the crew, F/V Alaskan Monarch.
From Savage Seas; Killer Waves & Rescues, a PBS presentation